ACDF is a surgical procedure that involves both a discectomy, which involves the removal of a vertebral disc, and a spinal fusion, which allows for parts of the spinal bone to stabilize and fuse together.
In the procedure, Dr. Alexander makes a small incision in the skin around the throat, and uses an endoscope to help guide surgical instruments into the treatment area, which are used to remove the damaged disc and clean out the area between the vertebrae.
Bone graft material is then inserted into the surgical area, with a metal plate secured over the graft area. The bone graft fuses the vertebrae together – following surgery, your body begins its healing process and new bone cells grow around the inserted graft. In 3 to 6 months, the bone graft should fuse and form a solid bone structure.